Added: Jorgen Stanko - Date: 10.04.2022 18:02 - Views: 35896 - Clicks: 7052
Exploratory, descriptive study of qualitative approach conducted during the second semester ofwith the participation of 19 elderly women, between 60 and 69 years of age, members of two groups for the elderly located in the city of Rio Grande-RS, Brazil. Data was collected through individual, semistructured interview and audio recorded.
Thereafter, the data were subjected to the Bardin thematic analysis. Upon analyzing the data, four emerged: Change in the expression of sexuality after 60 years of age; feelings derived from talking about sexuality; with whom do they talk about sexuality; importance of affective relationships for the elderly. The elderly women show favorable attitudes regarding their sexuality and noted no ificant changes in the expression of sexuality after turning 60 years of age.
However, they were embarrassed to talk about this matter because they had received a repressive education. In addition, they sought friends to address any questions. Affective, loving, and sexual relation are extremely important, given that it promotes physical and mental wellbeing, generates feelings of joy and happiness, which provides more vitality and pleasure in living to the elderly women. Keywords source DeCS : Aged; sexuality; nursing; gender; gender and health; sexually transmitted diseases.
Participaram 19 idosas, entre 60 e 69 anos de idade, integrantes de dois grupos para idosos situados na cidade de Rio Grande-RS, Brasil.
Population aging has been growing rapidly both in our country and around the world. This could be occurring due to the decrease of mortality rates, diminished birth rates, better socio-environmental conditions, and technological advances in medicine 1. However, as a result of the population increase, there is now a greater focus on studies on human aging and health 3. However, when it comes to sexuality in the elderly, the issue continues to be seen as taboo in a prejudiced manner by health professionals, family members, the community, and even the elderly themselves.
From this, it must be understood that there is no age limit for the elderly to relate to other people. In this sense, feelings, the display of affection, fondness, and the capacity to love do not end while aging 4. It is imperative that the negative image of the elderly, which refers only to diseases, be dissociated, and promote the idea that there is freedom, accumulation of experience, maturity and wisdom, along with the right to express love, sexuality, and desire 5. With this purpose, studies conducted in the United States, with elderly in the age range between 65 and 80 years, have proven that they maintain an interest in sexual activities.
Sexuality can be expressed from the interaction with another and manifested in social relationships through corporeity. Thus, sexuality can be distinguished from sex, which portrays only one of the forms of expression of human love 9 People want and need to be loved and love others; hence, sexuality is part of this love, this intimate relationship. According to the World Health Organization, sexuality is the energy that motivates to finding love; it encompasses caressing, intimacy, feelings It is a basic need of the human being and is intertwined with other aspects of life, going beyond the sexual act itself.
The possible causes of the scarcity of studies on the sexuality of the elderly and their attitudes are due to the omission of sexuality of the elderly by society and even by health professionals, besides the bias that remains in a technologically advanced century.
Thus, this area of research remains largely neglected. Therefore, understanding the attitudes of the elderly about sexuality is fundamental so that new proposals for intervention can be articulated with this population group Given this, nurses have a fundamental role as educators and promoters of health and well-being for the elderly in all areas, including sexuality.
With regard to health education, it can be a strategy deed to build a new image of the elderly in society in which they can express their feelings and experience sexuality free from prejudice, myths, or taboos. Said actions can be put into practice in various scenarios available, for example, in nursing consultations or with elderly groups. In this context, nursing is again highlighted, which promotes health education in different settings of professional activity and in different themes, including sex education According to the theme exposed and with the need to better know the attitudes of the elderly population regarding sexuality; this research had the objective of identifying the attitudes the elderly have with respect to their sexuality.
This was an exploratory and descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, about the attitudes elderly women have about their sexuality. Qualitative research allows analyzing the experiences of individuals or groups that may be related to biographical histories or educational practices, as well as analyzing the knowledge, reports and histories of the day-to-day population studied Moreover, through it, it is possible to understand the universe of human relations established within the context of research, observation, and interaction of the researcher with study participants Thus, 19 elderly women from two cohabitation groups for the elderly located in the city of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, participated in the study.
The elderly groups, one of private nature and the other public, are focused on promoting the social well-being, active aging, and quality of life of their members aged 60 and over. The groups were selected for having the highest of participants, as well as by the greater offer of activities to the elderly community. Thus, it is estimated that elderly people participate in the actions promoted by these groups. The participants were selected according to the following inclusion criteria: Elderly women 60 years of age or over; participation in one of the groups, for at least three months; authorization of the publication of the in scientific works.
Before the interviews were carried out, a first contact was made, in person, with the participants to explain the research theme, its benefits to the elderly, and to ask if they would like to participate. The interviews were conducted individually in reserved rooms, to guarantee the privacy of the participants, and lasted between 15 and 20 min, on average. Before starting the interview, the researchers clarified the objectives of the study, the relevance of the theme, the guarantee of safeguarding the secrecy of the information, and the possibility of canceling participation at any time without personal prejudice.
All participants ed the Informed Consent Form. To gather the data, the study used a semistructured instrument, divided into two parts: The first part referred to participant characterization data, and the second part addressed questions on attitudes about sexuality, which encompass the changes observed after 60 years of age, feelings when talking about the subject, with whom they talk about it and the importance of affective relationships for the elderly.
After conducting the interviews, the data were transcribed, organized, and tabulated to facilitate the analysis process. The technique used was the thematic analysis, according to Bardin 15given that data collection becomes more concentrated and productive, and it is possible to formulate more specific questions, which helps systematize the data collected To compose these nuclei, it is necessary to analyze whether the elements evidenced in the communication, the presence of ificant meanings, or the frequency of their appearance can mean something for the analytical objective chosen.
Thus, the stages of pre-analysis, material exploration, treatment of theof inference, and of interpretation are fundamental The analysis task implied, initially, transcribing the audio recordings, organizing all the material, dividing it into parts, relating them, and identifying the relevant trends and patterns. Secondly, these trends and patterns were reevaluated to seek relationships and inferences at a higher level of abstraction. From the coding work, an initial set of resulted and these were reexamined and modified at a subsequent time.
The classification and categorization of the data were prepared for a more complex analysis phase, which occurred as the research reported its findings In the pre-analysis, after the transcription of the data, an overall reading leitura flutuante of the interviews was made to visualize the particularities that contributed to the elaboration of the initial ideas about the traits of participant characterization. Thus, from the tabulation of the data collected, several readings were made of the contents of the interviews to try to visualize the particularities of each.
Further, a new detailed reading was made of the 19 interviews obtained, to identify the nuclei of meaning regarding the research objectives, which were transcribed in the s program and tabulated in the s program, to have better visualization and organization of the data. In the treatment phase, analysis and discussion of the responses were conducted, based on the already exposed reference and on the sensitivity and experience acquired in the research trajectory.
After ending the analysis of thethe information was delivered to the participants for them to validate the obtained. The study population was comprised by 19 elderly women; ranging in age between 60 and 85 years; of these, eight were between 60 and 69 years of age; 15 declared themselves white.
Regarding marital status, eight were married and eight were widowed; 10 of those interviewed declared themselves catholic; seven had a monthly income of a minimum wage and seven received two minimum monthly wages. In relation to schooling, six reported incomplete basic education. Referring to pathologies, seven elderly women reported systemic arterial hypertension, while six carry out medication treatment to control the disease.
Through data analysis, it was possible to elaborate three and their respective sub, described hereinafter. In this category, the participants reported changes due to age and physical conditioning, but nothing that could prevent them from actively following the expression of sexuality. Of course, we get some limitations with age, but nothing that prevents us from relating sexually, even because the flame does not extinguish, the will does not disappear with time [laughs]. Other elderly women reported that the change in their sexuality occurred because they did not have a fixed partner or because they no longer had an interest in sexually.
People do not give much importance to sex, but when you have affection, it solves everything. But it has changed, too, because I do not have a fixed partner. Additionally, some elderly women report that the expression of sexuality changed prior to turning 60 years of age due to alterations resulting from menopause, which directly interfere with the desire to relate sexually.
Besides this, another factor cited as the reason for the change was widowhood. Oh, it changed. I am not the same. It changes lots, after 60 years of age, it changes for any person. After the woman stops menstruating, when the hormones diminish, it changes for anyone. For me, it changed before, when I became a widow, because I did not have more sexual relations. But it was not a bad thing, it was my decision.
For me, it changed before 60, when my husband died and I did not have anybody else since I was 37 years old. Finally, some participants stated that they did not notice age-related changes that affected their sexuality. No, I do not think so. It continued the same, for me it was always something satisfactory, when I was married to my husband; he was a very affectionate person.
And, currently, my mate is very good in bed, and is younger than me. This category describes the reports about the feelings the elderly women revealed when questioned about their sexuality. Most of those interviewed stated that they deal with the matter with normality, given that it is something inherent to human beings. No, for me it is normal, it is part of life. There are elderly people who do not like to talk, they are embarrassed, but not me. Other participants said they do not feel any kind of embarrassment or other feelings, but do not like to talk about it.
Not to remember, do you understand? Leave it alone… I They also said that they do not feel shame or that they have other feelings, but that this neutrality or lack of feelings depends on the environment in which they are inserted and the people with whom they talk.
Oh, depending on whom you talk to, when you talk about certain things. But I would not feel ashamed. I am not ashamed to talk, but it will depend on the setting and with whom I will speak. Yet, in this category, the feeling of shame arose because the theme was not naturally approached by the family, as a young person, culminating in a feeling that has prevailed throughout life.
It was also mentioned that they would be embarrassed IF they had to talk about sexuality with someone from the opposite sex. This category emerged from the reports by the elderly women when asked about who they would look for in case they had some question about sexuality. Most stated that they would seek, first, support from their friends.
Regarding the search for professionals to clear doubts, some said they would seek help from health professionals, whether nurses or physicians. Look, I would, at the moment, go to the gynecologist, mainly because she is very much my friend, we talk a lot, [ However, on the other hand, some interviewees stated that they never talked about their doubts with anyone. Look, in reality, I never talked about this with anyone; it is the first time.
My mother was very strict, at that time you could not talk. I learned everything by myself. The elderly women stated, in this category, the importance of having someone to relate to both sexually and affectively. Yes, even more so if you have a loving, caring partner.
It is good to feel loved, cared, and alive; to feel pleasure. Only if you do not want to, but you can and should, because it is good and does well for the skin. In addition, some of the women expressed that the importance of having an affective relationship depends on the needs of each individual, of their health, whether they want to continue in a relationship with someone.
Others said that they may have a relationship again, but the family, especially the children and ex-husbands, become a major obstacle and do not accept their relating again for a variety of reasons, including jealousy and not accepting a companion. A year ago I fought with my partner and it was enough, I did nothing else. But he was very good. He was my boyfriend and I miss him, but there is no way to go back, my family is also against, so I do not want it either, it was good while it lasted. If someone shows up, my daughter will kill me.
Old age may present challenges to staying with an active and healthy sexuality However, this study demonstrated that the majority of the elderly women did not present ificant changes that interfered negatively in the expression of sexuality after 60 years of age. In some reports, it was possible to identify that sexuality became better and more pleasurable over the years, surpassing even the experiences of when they were young.Elderly women online sex
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